The fusion of AI and IoT

The Centre for Corporate and Community Development organised a KLESF STEM webinar titled “The Fusion of AI and IoT is the Inevitable Future” on 23 December 2021 via Zoom and Facebook Live.

Dr Ooi during the webinar

Invited to deliver the webinar was Assistant Professor and Head of Department of Computer Science in the Faculty of Information and Communication Technology, Ts Dr Ooi Boon Yaik. Dr Ooi is also a senior member of the IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Society, a professional technologist recognised by the Malaysia Board of Technologists (MBOT) and also an associate fellow of the ASEAN Academy of Engineering and Technology (AAET).

In his webinar, he shared the purpose and advancement of Internet-of-things (IoT), the challenges of managing IoT systems and the symbiosis of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and IoT (IoT).

Dr Ooi first gave an overview of his topic and said, “The advancement of sensors and miniaturisation of embedded system-on-chips have spurred the growth of Internet-of-Things (IoT). There are more devices connected than ever and the amount of information generated by smart devices is growing exponentially at an unprecedented rate. AI is needed to effectively manage IoT system and at the same time AI will become smarter thanks to the continuous data feed from IoT.”

He explained IoT and AI to the participants, “IoT is a computing concept where all things, including every physical object, can be connected, making those objects intelligent, programmable and capable of interacting with humans. Whereas AI can be classified into narrow and general AI. Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) is the hypothetical ability of an intelligent agent to understand or learn any intellectual task that a human being can; Narrow Artificial Intelligence (narrow AI) is a specific type of AI in which a learning algorithm is designed to perform a single task, and any knowledge gained from performing that task will not automatically be applied to other tasks.”

Dr Ooi showing participants the evolution of the internet

Dr Ooi added, “Machine to machine (M2M) communication brings a lot of opportunities; for example, IoT for home for the effective usage of energy; IoT for business for business tracking operation at real-time and create new business opportunities and IoT for manufacturer for unprecedented operation visibility.”

Dr Ooi explaining the example of AI and IoT fusion where the air conditioner is connected with a mobile app

He concluded, “The fusion of AI and IoT showed that IoT can gather more data for AI to learn and when you learn better, you will make better decisions for the IoT application, a kind of symbiotic relationship. The AI is like a brain, while the IoT is the eyes, ears and limbs for the AI; these will give more enriched information to AI to process it.”

The talk concluded with an extensive yet insightful Q&A session, followed by a photo-taking session.

Dr Ooi (top row, most left) with some of the participants

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